Fauvism, a short-lived but influential movement in the early 20th century, rejected naturalistic color in favor of bold, non-representational hues. Led by Henri Matisse and André Derain, Fauvist artists employed vibrant colors and simplified forms to evoke emotion and energy. The movement, known for its spontaneity and intensity, played a pivotal role in the development of modern art, paving the way for subsequent movements like Cubism and Abstract Expressionism.

Henri Matisse

André Derain

Raoul Dufy

Georges Braque

Jean Metzinger

Albert Marquet

Kees van Dongen

Maurice de Vlaminck

Othon Friesz

Charles Camoin

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