Cubism, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in the early 20th century, revolutionized artistic representation by breaking down objects into geometric shapes and presenting multiple perspectives simultaneously. Analytical Cubism, characterized by fragmented forms and muted colors, later evolved into Synthetic Cubism, incorporating collage elements. This avant-garde movement challenged traditional notions of perspective and laid the groundwork for abstract art, influencing diverse artistic expressions.

Pablo Picasso

Georges Braque

Albert Gleizes

Jean Metzinger

Fernand Léger

Kazimir Malevich

Robert Delaunay

Sonia Delaunay

Juan Gris

Marcel Duchamp

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